Imagine never having to stop at a gas station again.
Most people who purchase an electric car for the first time have questions about how to charge it at home. To someone whose car has always needed gas to function, this may sound like a fantastic possibility.
Therefore, how does one go about putting in a home charging station for an electric vehicle?
To begin, a home charging station can only be legally installed in a residence by a licensed electrician who has received the proper training and certification for the devices being installed.
Unless you are a licensed electrician, you should not install an electric vehicle charger yourself. If you want the job done right, you need to hire a professional that has the necessary experience and certifications.
“If you can install a 240-volt dryer outlet, you can install an EV charger,” explains Bosch product manager Mike Mueller. He talks at length on the many electrical codes that apply to this set up.
There may be rebates or other incentives available to purchasers of electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles that can be used to offset the expense of purchasing and installing a charging station. Consulting with an expert is not only simple, but it may also be free.
The DIYers who are interested in the details are urged to read the whole essay. From the initial investment to ongoing upkeep, we’ve got you covered.
Finding a convenient time and place to charge an electric vehicle (EV) is a major hassle for EV drivers.
Most Americans have driven gas-powered cars their whole lives, so it makes reasonable that they would stop at one of the nation’s tens of thousands of gas stations to refill their tanks.
Although there are many advantages to switching to an electric vehicle, doing so requires some extra planning due to the scarcity of charging outlets. Public EV charging stations are still quite rare, despite the growing demand for and government support of alternative fuel vehicles.
If you own an electric vehicle or are thinking about putting in a public charging station at your home, you should understand how the EV charger works.
How a Charger for an Electric Vehicle Works
Electric vehicle (EV) ownership is intrinsically linked to EV ownership. Most battery-powered automobiles do not have gas tanks; instead of filling up with gallons of gas, drivers must recharge their vehicles by plugging into an electrical outlet.
Like your smartphone, the electric vehicle you drive relies on a battery to keep it running. Like your phone’s battery, it won’t function if there is no charge.
In a similar vein, an electric vehicle will be immobilized if its battery pack is depleted. Like a smartphone, the energy stored in a plug-in hybrid vehicle is gradually reduced as the vehicle is driven.
Eighty percent of the time, those who own electric vehicles charge them at home. Here are the various levels of charging stations for electric vehicles, along with their respective prices:
Level-Based Installation of a Charging Station for Electric Vehicles
Electric vehicle (EV) chargers use levels rather than grades to indicate charging capacity. Electric vehicle batteries have three different charging states.
- Level 1 EV Charging Station
- Level 2 EV Charging Station
- Level 3 EV Charging Station
Most chargers are rated by their output power in kilowatts (kW). More power is generated and less time is spent charging your electric vehicle at higher charging levels.
Level 3 charging is the fastest method for recharging electric vehicles, with a range of 3 to 20 miles per minute. Level 3 charging used DC current rather than AC current.
The Installation of a Level 1 Charging Station for Electric Vehicles
Level 1 stations are the most basic type of charging station. A Level 1 charger is the type of cord often included with an EV’s initial purchase.
These chargers often only require a standard grounded wall outlet and their included three-prong plug.
Level 1 chargers are inexpensive and easy to use, but they charge slowly.
If you’re charging your electric vehicle at home with a Level 1 charger, you should expect to add about four miles of range for every hour you spend plugging in. A fully charged electric vehicle with a range of 200 miles can take up to 50 hours to recharge.
In the absence of a plug-in hybrid electric car, only use Level 1 charging methods. A standard PHEV’s battery can be charged while you sleep.
Simply connect your Level 1 EV charger to a standard 120-volt household socket.
This charger doesn’t need any special wiring or wiring at all. Differentiating Level 1 systems from other charging options is the fact that they may be installed without the help of an expert.
Level 2 EV Charging Station Installation
The next level up in electric vehicle charging stations is the Level 2 charger. Electric hair dryers often require 240-volt circuits, the same as the ones used by level 2 equipment.
Portable level 2 chargers use a multi-prong plug and circuitry similar to that of a clothes dryer.
Many households have a dedicated circuit and outlet in their laundry rooms for this very reason. However, it is inconvenient to have to unplug the clothes dryer in order to use the electric car charger.
Customers who want a Level 2 charging station at home typically have an electrician wire a 240-volt circuit in a garage or basement.
When electricity is installed in the garage, the charging station can be “hard-wired” into it. You can also use the 240-volt outlet in your garage to power a portable Level 2 charger, which you can then take on the road with you.
Repairing or replacing electrical wiring in a house is often a costly and time-consuming endeavor. The fastest recharge times are the most significant advantage.
A Level 2 charging station can replenish an electric vehicle’s battery in one-fourth the time it takes a Level 1 charging station.
A 200-mile range electric vehicle can be fully charged in 12 hours or less. Charging a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) at a Level 2 charging station takes only a few hours.
A 240-volt installation approach is comparable when wiring a home for electrical equipment like a dryer or oven. The standard wall outlet can only provide 120 volts, hence a different method of installation is needed for this.
It is highly recommended that a licensed electrician perform the installation of a Level 2 EV charger due to the intricacy and potential dangers involved.
Because of the high cost of repairing or replacing harmed electrical systems, many municipalities require professional inspections and permits prior to approving any electrical work.
It costs between $200 to $1,000 to hire a licensed electrician or professional installation service, with the price going much higher for more complicated jobs.
Installing a Charging Station for Level 3 Electric Vehicles
In terms of charging stations, the most advanced type is the Level 3, which is designed for commercial use.
Level 3 charging, sometimes called DC Fast Charging, is the quickest method of recharging an electric vehicle. Some Level 3 charging stations can fully recharge an electric vehicle’s battery in under an hour.
It’s possible that installing a full Level 3 charging station may set you back $50,000 or more. Even if you have the money, your energy supplier probably won’t let you install a Level 3 charger since their system can’t handle it.
Since DC Fast Chargers (Level 3) may be very expensive and need robust hardware, they are typically used in industrial and commercial environments. Consequently, DC Fast Chargers are not now available for personal usage.
In most cases, a Level 3 charger can provide an 80% charge to a qualified car in under 30 minutes, making it an excellent choice for public charging stations.
Anyone with a Tesla Model S and an interest in “supercharging their vehicle” can do so. The Model S can gain 170 miles of range from a supercharge in only half an hour. It’s important to remember that not all vehicles are compatible with Level 3 chargers.
Be cautious to research which public charging stations can accommodate your electric vehicle before hitting the road and relying on Level 3 chargers.
Public charging stations for electric vehicles have varying fee structures. Costs will range widely between different suppliers.
Electric vehicle charging station pricing might be a flat payment per month, a charge per minute, or a combination of the two (EVs). Find the best public charging option for your vehicle by researching the available stations in your area.
How to Charge an Electric Vehicle
Three distinct charging options for EVs and PHEVs have been discussed.
The vehicle can be charged using either a standard 120-volt household wall connection (known as Level 1) or a more powerful 240-volt outlet (known as Level 2), like that needed for some common home appliances.
You could also utilize a public charging station that provides either Level 2 or Level 3 service.
When you’ve parked and are ready to plug in, a charging station can be free to use, or it might require payment via credit card or a smartphone app with which you’ve already registered.
What level charger is right for me?
Level 1 charging is free of charge for PHEVs; the only expense is the electricity used.
You may usually find a Level 2 charging station in a public location like a mall or a public building. In order to utilize an electric vehicle, you will need to leave your home or place of business for several hours while the battery is charged.
Having a Level 2 home charging station and making the necessary electrical upgrades to your home to support it is preferable.
Your charging needs will determine the cost of a Level 3 charger. Nonetheless, it’s worthwhile because Level 3 charging is the swiftest option for recharging an electric vehicle.
Some people want to know if they can set up a charging station for an electric vehicle on their own. When possible, it’s best to engage a professional to install a home charging station for an electric vehicle (EV) rather than trying to do it yourself.
Many would rather handle the installation themselves to save money on expert services. However, if you want the job done right, you should hire a professional engineer.
DIYers beware: installing an electric vehicle (EV) charging station in your home requires the services of a licensed electrician.
A warranty on some electric vehicle charging stations may also be voided if they are not installed by an electrician who has been approved by the manufacturer. Actually, nobody is willing to take that chance.
If you compare the cost per mile of driving an EV to a gas-powered vehicle, the electric vehicle wins hands down. Before going completely electric, you’ll need to make the first commitment of buying and installing a home charging station for electric vehicles. Buying an electric vehicle (EV) may be the best option if you’re determined to end your dependence on fossil fuels.